The skin changes that occur as we age are primarily a direct result of our history of sun exposure combined with hormonal and genetic factors. Damage to the healthy collagen and elastic fibers that are necessary to give the skin its youthful appearance is produced by ultraviolet radiation and environmental toxins. A customized program of skin care prescribed by Dr. Forley will help prevent the early onset of photoaging of the skin or restore wrinkled, dry, and tired looking skin to a healthier and refreshed appearance.
Premature skin aging can be the result of exposure to elements of the environment such as sun, air pollution, and smoke from your own habit or that of others. These factors can lead not only to the formation of lines, wrinkles, and discoloration but to more serious conditions like skin cancer. A comprehensive skincare program for the prevention of premature aging should include antioxidants to neutralize the damaging chemical reactions that are generated when the skin is exposed to environmental toxins. Optimal photoprotection against ultraviolet (UV) exposure is provided by the daily application of a combination of sunscreen and an antioxidant. Utilizing both approaches will reduce the amount of UV exposure by physically blocking it with products such as micronized zinc in sunscreens and deactivating the UV rays that manage to penetrate into the dermis with antioxidants.
The signs of aging that become more visible over time include fine lines, wrinkles, discoloration, and the loss of elasticity. These changes in the skin result, in part, from collagen breakdown, slower cell turnover, and loss of moisture. Damage to the skin is intensified by sun exposure, environmental stressors, and smoking. A comprehensive skincare program works to repair and stimulate collagen production, lighten sun spots and age spots, and increase cell turn over. In some cases, skin darkening or hyperpigmentation can result from melasma, inflammatory reactions, the use of prescription drugs, or systemic disease. A skincare program combined with the selective use of energy devices and lasers can help to treat these problems.
Products that contain growth factors and stem cell stimulators like defensins enhance the quality of the skin by stimulating the production of collagen as well as skin cells known as keratinocytes to optimize skin health. Benefits seen in the skin include the smoothing of lines and wrinkles, improved tone and texture, a more radiant and bright appearance, reduced hyperpigmentation, and replenished moisture with an improvement in skin regeneration.
An effective moisturizer should have multifunctional components that nourish, protect, and exfoliate the skin as they hydrate and restore elasticity. In some cases, a hydration product can be combined with a moisturizer to maximize the benefit to dry skin. Well hydrated skin cells are less susceptible to the damaging effects of environmental toxins and are thereby able to better withstand the factors that contribute to premature aging.
The damaging effects of exposure to harmful Ultraviolet (UV) radiation can be reduced by the use of sunscreens. The damage occurs because the UV exposure generates free radicals in the skin that injure collagen and elastin fibers. Broad spectrum UVA and UVB protection is best delivered by physical sunscreens such as those containing zinc oxide.
Vitamins and nutritional supplements compatible with surgery are recommended by Dr. Forley to enhance the healing process. The effect of these products is to support wound healing by minimizing inflammation and decreasing the bruising and swelling that can slow down the recovery from various procedures. Their use will be discussed with you by Dr. Forley in conjunction with a review of which medications and supplements to avoid to reduce the risk of bruising.
Stratacel®, Strataderm®, and Stratamed® are a family of products that use silicone gel technology to create a transparent, flexible, and gas-permeable gel sheet that adheres to the skin. Dr. Forley recommends the use of silicone gel to create an optimal environment for faster wound healing with decreased discomfort, redness, and risk of infection. He also incorporates it in a program of scar management to flatten raised scars, reduce scar discomfort, and lighten scar discoloration.
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